When going or moving to the US for a job such as engineering, there are various prerequisites and guidelines you should meet. Alongside this, there are qualifications, degrees and associations that would particularly help your case in getting a work visa to go to the United States.
Visa Requirements for an Engineer
There are various sorts of visas, and whichever you apply for depends on your education, nationality and specific circumstances.
A couple of visas can self-sponsored, yet the greater part of them should be sponsored by a company in the US. At the end of the day, you must have a job offer to get the visa. Some visas are just intended to be temporary, while some expect you to have intention to remain in the US on a permanent basis (these are called dual intent visas). If you’re not on a dual intent visa then you might be approached to demonstrate that you have huge connections to your country of origin, and no plan to live in the US permanently or apply for a green card.
The H1-B visa is a 3 to 6 year work license for skilled laborers who don’t intend to stay permanently in the country. The US as of now has a yearly limit of 65,000 H1-B visas, despite the fact that there are exceptions for certain classes of very qualified laborers and a few nationalities, so by and by more than 130,000 were issued in the last year. Of these, most of the visas were given for employments requiring high STEM skills. It’s attached to your job, so once your job ends, you need to leave the nation. Your employer needs to request for this for you before you can begin work.
Canadians and Mexicans can apply for a TN visa, which enables them to work in the US temporarily, while Australians can apply for an E3 visa. Like the H1-B, these are attached to your job.
On the off chance that you expect to a permanent resident, you can apply for a Green Card. This enables you to stay in the US regardless of your current employment.
Training Requirements for Engineers
Having a degree in software engineering, or a firmly related field, is truly going to assist you with getting a US work visa. Many have discovered that the most effortless route for engineers is to start studying in the US. There’s a solid preference for engineers with an American degree, particularly at Masters’ level. There are two programs planned explicitly to help international students on F1 visas.
- Optional Practical Training (OPT): you can take up temporary work for as long as 29 months in work identifying with your area of study.
- Curricular Practical Training (CPT): you can do as long as a year of work before finishing your degree as a major part of your program of study. On the off chance that you more than 12 months of CPT, you are ineligible for OPT.
An OPT or CPT can help, yet they are not required. It will profit you enormously to intern with an American organization while you are in the states.
The 1989 Washington Accord sets out the benchmarks for globally recognized engineering degree programs and other qualifications. If your degree is from any of these signatory nations, it’ll be recognized by the USA: Australia, Canada, Tai Pei, Hong Kong, India, Ireland, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, New Zealand, Russia, Singapore, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Turkey, UK, Bangladesh, China, Pakistan, Peru, and the Philippines.
On the off chance that you don’t see your nation recorded above, you’ll need to contact the National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying (NCEES) who will advise whether your capabilities will be acknowledged. From that point, they will disclose to you what is required become an engineer in the United States.
Most companies having to do with engineering are keen on supporting visas on the off chance that they can bear to.
A visa can cost companies between $2,500 to $10,000 in legitimate and USCIS charges to support. Contrasted with a engineer’s pay, this isn’t typically an issue for companies — particularly in the event that they have raised some outside capital.
The most troublesome issue to these companies, however, is the amount of time it takes to plan and process a visa. Most objections to sponsoring a visa come down to the time costs, as opposed to whatever else. This is particularly valid for H-1Bs, which can take the best part of a year to process depending on when you apply.
Employers will look for communication and language skills, to ensure you are solid in your capacity to communicate in English.
Why You Should Seek Professional Help
Getting a US visa can be difficult, notwithstanding for truly qualified people who will contribute a lot to the nation in terms of engineering and taxes. It is to your greatest advantage that you have an immigration lawyer help you through this. With such huge numbers of candidates every year from around the globe for work visas, it is critical to get experienced legitimate assistance that will guarantee your application package has the best chance with regards to being acknowledged.